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Celulares poderão ter carregador único

A Agência Nacional de Telecomunicações (Anatel) divulgou na terça-feira uma proposta para padronizar a entrada de carregadores dos celulares no Brasil. Com base em um projeto da União Europeia, a agência brasileira pretende exigir a porta USB tipo C como padrão para todos os conectores de celular e carregador no país.

A proposta de ato normativo da Anatel está em consulta pública, o que significa que ainda não está valendo. No site da agência, a minuta de ato normativo receberá contribuições da sociedade.

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John Oliver delivers Democratic Party talking points on antitrust

What does it say about us when we turn to comedians to inform our thinking on politics?

We’ve witnessed the rise of Ukrainian comedian-turned-wartime-President Volodymyr Zelensky. Former Guatemalan President Jimmy Morales was a comedian, too, but was dogged by very unfunny allegations of corruption. Comedian Dave Smith will likely seek the 2024 Libertarian Party presidential nomination, having led the “Mises Caucus” takeover of party leadership last month.

Enter soothsaying comedians of the anti-MAGA resistance. Since the election of former President Donald Trump, late-night comedians Stephen Colbert, Jimmy Kimmel, and Trevor Noah’s monologues have sounded more like Democratic Party spin than headlining acts for comedy TV.

The slyest of the bunch is John Oliver. The British-born comedian and former Daily Showcorrespondent makes a career of political hamming.

While most comedians joke about celebrity scandals or reality TV, Oliver tackles serious issues and demands political action. In 2014, he pushed viewers to petition for net neutrality, demanding the Federal Communications Commission reclassify internet service providers as public utilities to keep the net “free.”

In the last year, his segments on critical race theoryrent control, and misinformation have gone viral among politicos, with Oliver dropping screwball jokes between policy analyses that could have been written by any left-wing think tank.

Recently, Oliver has used his satire program to demand antitrust reform to “punish” Big Tech.

He delivers punchlines and commentary sweetened with a call to action on two bills, the Open Markets Act and American Innovation and Choice Online Act. These aim to crack open the Apple and Google app stores, ban “self-preferencing” on online shops such as Amazon, and chill tech mergers and acquisitions by Meta.

Oliver champions antitrust warrior and bill author Sen. Amy Klobuchar while chastising Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer for dawdling on the Senate floor because of his family’s connections to tech firms. He even praises Republicans who’ve joined the cause for their own crusade of content moderation.

To be clear, there are valid concerns about several troubling actions by tech firms. When they break the law, they should be penalized.

But Oliver’s reductionist arguments, delivered in comedic pentameter, manifest a world of rampant consumer harm because Amazon sells its own batteries or because Google heavily features its image algorithm.

What Oliver deplores is vertical integration in tech. But this is precisely why we celebratecompanies such as Tesla and IKEA, which rank highly in consumer satisfaction and make a name for themselves by controlling their supply chains. Somehow, this is deplorable when it’s an online business with millions of users and customers.

That is the message Oliver fans — and serious advocacy organizations and politicians — take from his show.

Digital rights group Fight for the Future, leading a coalition of tech competitors and left-wing pressure groups, is hosting an initiative they call “Antitrust Summer,” demanding Congress take immediate action. No surprise, Oliver’s segment prominently features on the homepage. Democratic heavyweights such as Hillary Clinton share his YouTube video with glee.

When comedic figures become political flag bearers, we should remain skeptical. There is every reason to hold Big Tech accountable without weaponizing the government. And even more reason to avoid complaints from comedians with little skin in the game.

Oliver, and the political factions who celebrate him, should know that complaints about a company’s product cannot be the basis for a sweeping redefinition of federal antitrust policies that would affect hundreds of millions of consumers. Government power is no laughing matter.

Originally published here

NOVO PACOTE DE BONDADES VAI AUMENTAR A INFLAÇÃO E AFETAR OS MAIS POBRES

 Fábio Fernandes – O mercado está atento à repercussão dos dados da inflação e ao risco fiscal. O IBGE divulgou na semana passada a prévia da inflação de junho, o IPCA15, e o resultado ficou  dentro  do esperado. Os números oficiais vieram com alta de 0,69% em junho e acumulado de 12,04%. Na parte fiscal, a preocupação se volta para as discussões em torno do aumento do Auxílio Brasil, entre eles o vale-gás e vale caminhoneiro. 

O presidente Jair Bolsonaro (PL) defendeu publicamente, na última sexta-feira (24/6), o acréscimo de R$ 200 no Auxílio Brasil, programa social criado em substituição ao Bolsa Família. Se o aumento for definido pelo Congresso, chegará aos R$ 600. O governo quer que o novo valor vigore a partir de julho e siga até dezembro deste ano. A ideia do governo é turbinar o benefício em ano eleitoral e tornar o pagamento do auxílio mensal.

Na visão de Fábio Fernandes, Diretor de Comunicação da associação de consumidores Consumer Choice Center (Centro de Escolha do Consumidor) e Mestre em Relações Internacionais pela Universidade de Milão, uma das grandes causas da inflação alta no Brasil é o crescimento acelerado da base monetária para financiar gastos públicos excessivos.

“Desde o início do governo Bolsonaro, o Brasil ampliou seu agregado monetário em cerca de 70%. O Brasil cresceu sua base monetária de pouco mais de 350 mil milhões em 2019 para mais de 600 mil milhões em 2021, enquanto o PIB cresceu na média 0,6% durante o mesmo período”, explicou Fernandes

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La gare centrale de Zurich est la plus agréable d’Europe

Une association de consommateurs a analysé les grandes gares européennes en fonction de leur convivialité pour les passagers. La gare centrale de Zurich arrive en tête de liste.

L’association américaine de consommateurs Consumer Choice Center a passé au crible les 50 plus grandes gares d’Europe pour son European Railway Station Index annuel. Dans le rapport final, qui vient d’être publié, la gare centrale de Zurich s’est emparée de la première place avec 93 points sur 108 possibles, juste devant les gares centrales de Francfort, Munich ou Berlin.

L’évaluation portait notamment sur l’accessibilité de la gare pour les voyageurs en fauteuil roulant, les personnes à mobilité réduite ou les malvoyants, sur la gratuité du wifi et sur l’étendue de l’offre de restauration et de shopping sur place. La gare de Berne, qui est la seule autre gare suisse à avoir été évaluée pour cette liste, se classe 27e, avec 67,2 points.

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Zürich HB ist bester Bahnhof Europas

Der Zürcher HB wurde von einer internationalen Verbraucherschutzorganisation zum besten Bahnhof Europas gewählt. Zürich konnte sich gegen 50 andere Bahnhöfe durchsetzen – auch gegen Bern, der in der Rangliste erst weiter hinten auftaucht.

Mit jährlich fast 155 Millionen Passagieren ist der Zürcher HB nicht nur der mit Abstand grösste Bahnhof der Schweiz. Auch international zählt der HB damit zu den Knotenpunkten mit dem höchsten Passagieraufkommen – nur der Gare du Nord in Paris (292 Mio. Passagiere) und Frankfurt am Main (180 Mio.) wurden letztes Jahr von Reisenden noch stärker frequentiert. 

Und die Passagiere dürften sich in Zürich wohlfühlen: Zumindest legt das jetzt ein Ranking der internationalen Verbraucherschutzorganisation Consumer Choice Center nahe: Der HB landet dabei unter 50 Konkurrenten auf dem ersten Platz der passagierfreundlichsten Bahnhöfe Europas. «Auch wenn Zürich nicht die höchste Anzahl internationaler und nationaler Destinationen aufweist, bietet der Bahnhof den Reisenden eine grosse Auswahl an Shops, Restaurants und Take-aways an», so das Urteil der Verfasserinnen des European Railway Station Indizes.

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Stacioni i trenit HBF Zürich, më i miri në Evropë

Një shoqatë e konsumatorëve ka ekzaminuar stacionet e trenave të Evropës. Stacioni kryesor i Cyrihut kryeson listën

Shoqata e Konsumatorëve në SHBA, Consumer Choice Center ka bërë vlerësimin e afër 50 stacioneve më të mëdha të trenave në Evropë për të realizuar “Indeksin vjetor të Stacioneve Hekurudhore Evropiane”, transmeton albinfo.ch.

Në raportin përfundimtar të sapopublikuar, stacioni kryesor i Cyrihut zuri vendin e parë me 93 nga 108 pikë të mundshme – pak përpara stacioneve kryesore në Frankfurt, Mynih dhe Berlin.

Ndër të tjera, në këtë ranglistë është vlerësuar se sa i qasshëm është stacioni për pasagjerët me karrige me rrota, për personat me aftësi të kufizuara në ecje apo për personat me shikim të dëmtuar. Po ashtu është vlerësuar si plus fakti nëse stacioni konkret ka WiFi falas dhe sa e madhe është gama e ushqimeve dhe blerjeve në vend.

Stacioni i trenit në Bernë, i cili ishte i vetmi stacion tjetër hekurudhor zviceran që u vlerësua për listën, u rendit i 27-ti me 67.2 pikë.

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Ferrovie, Milano Centrale e Roma Termini nella hit delle migliori stazioni d’Europa

Milano Centrale e Roma Termini sono nella ‘top 5’ delle stazioni ferroviarie in Europa. Lo rivela la classifica stilata dal Consumer Choice Center nel suo terzo Indice annuale. L’Indice intende informare i consumatori e le amministrazioni interessate su chi stia facendo il lavoro migliore per accogliere i passeggeri. La prima in classifica è la svizzera Zürich HB, la stazione di Zurigo Centrale con 93 punti. Seguono a pari merito con 91 punti Milano Centrale, l’olandese Amsterdam Centraal e ben tre realtà tedesche: Frankfurt Main Hbf, München Hbf e Berlin Hbf.

Punti

Staccata di 10 punti troviamo la parigina Gare de Lyon. E poi, a 78 punti, Roma Termini e altre due germaniche Hannover Hbf e Düsseldorf Hbf. Milano Centrale è la seconda stazione d’Italia per flusso di passeggeri. Fu inaugurata nel 1931 su progetto dell’architetto Ulisse Stacchini. La gestione degli impianti è affidata a Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (RFI) società del gruppo Ferrovie dello Stato, mentre quella delle aree commerciali è di competenza di Grandi Stazioni. Roma Termini, con i suoi 25.000 mq di superficie e circa 150 milioni di passeggeri all’anno è la stazione più grande d’Italia e la quinta in Europa per traffico.

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er Zürcher HB ist der beste Bahnhof Europas

Ein Verbraucherverband hat Europas Bahnhöfe auf deren Passagierfreundlichkeit untersucht. Der Hauptbahnhof Zürich führt die Liste an.

Der US-amerikanische Verbraucherverband Consumer Choice Center nahm für seinen jährlichen «European Railway Station Index» die 50 grössten Bahnhöfe Europas unter die Lupe . Im neu veröffentlichten Schlussbericht hat sich der Hauptbahnhof Zürich mit 93 von 108 möglichen Punkten den Spitzenplatz geschnappt – knapp vor den Hauptbahnhöfen in Frankfurt, München oder Berlin.

Bewertet wurde unter anderem, wie zugänglich der Bahnhof für Reisende im Rollstuhl, für Geh- oder Sehbehinderte ist, ob gratis Wifi angeboten wird und wie gross  das Essens- und Shoppingangebot vor Ort ist. Der Bahnhof Bern, der als einziger weiterer Schweizer Bahnhof für die Liste evaluiert wurde, liegt mit 67,2 Punkten auf Platz 27. 

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The Truth About Organic Farming

Does shopping at upscale grocery stores make you a better consumer? Hardly. In fact, contrary to what you may already believe, organic food is not only less efficient and thus more expensive. It is also worse for the environment.

A study by the University of Melbourne in Australia shows that organic farming yields 43 percent to 72 percent less than conventional methods — and that achieving the same output requires 130 percent more farmland. For those skeptical about the results of just one study, you can find more of them hereherehere or here. The last-mentioned study underlines the point that “if all U.S. wheat production were grown organically, an additional (30.6 million acres) would be needed to match 2014 production levels.”

Organic food needs more resources than conventional farming. The effects on biodiversity are severe: insects and pollinators can access fewer natural reserves with organic agriculture. On top of that, under a 100 percent adoption scenario of organic farming, carbon-dioxide emissions would increase by up to a whopping 70 percent, as researchers in the United Kingdom have shown.

So why do some people in the United States continue to buy organic food at sometimes double the price of conventional food? One on hand, it’s performative. Shopping at sizeable organic food shops is popular and presumably the sort of thing you’re supposed to do once you have a comfortable salary in a large city. On the other hand, some consumers are misled about the alleged benefits of organic farming. Organic food is thought to be healthier (it isn’t) and to not use pesticides (it does).

Organic farming has become a talking point, more than just a beneficial placebo effect for upper-class city-dwellers. It is also political. “Democrats will invest in research and development to support climate-resilient, sustainable, low-carbon and organic agricultural methods,” the 2020 Democratic Party platform says. Yet the Democrats are doing more than just subsidization — environmentalists are undermining the catalog of pesticides available to farmers by arguing that they are dangerous. In fact, painting pesticides that have been safely used in American agriculture since the 1960s as “bee-killing” or “toxic” has been a frequent trope of activists who bemoan everything from “factory farming” to the availability of meat.

Sen. Cory Booker is happy to play a part in a New York Times opinion video in which he says “we are past the national emergency,” tying climate change with the American food system. Booker, whose home state of New Jersey produces a whopping … 0.35 percent of all the food in the United States, probably misrepresents the reality of American farming. In fact, agricultural intensification has led to peak agricultural land being reached, meaning that we make more food with less land overall, which allows our ecosystem to regrow over time. That means more forests and flowers for the aerial shots of political campaign videos.

The representation of the American food system as toxic and evil can only go so far before it becomes either comical or sad. Neither of them is a good look.

Originally published here

CCC Mulls Alternatives to Menthol Ban

The Consumer Choice Center, a consumer advocacy group based in Washington D.C., hosted a “Menthol Melee,” proposing alternatives to the Food and Drug Administration’s pending bans on flavored cigars and menthol cigarettes.

The event featured Gwen Carr, the mother of Eric Garner, who died at the hands of police over untaxed cigarettes, as well as nearly a dozen current and former law enforcement officers who believe the proposed policy will erode community trust in places where officers patrol the streets.

“We are hosting the Menthol Melee to hear from various community activists, law enforcement officers, and research experts who understand far too well how ill-fated a ban on these flavored tobacco products would be,” said Yaël Ossowski, deputy director at the Consumer Choice Center.

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